GL 1 Foundation Course
Theoretical framework of globalisation. Impact of globalisation on developing and developed countries.
Industrialisation and social change. Rationalisation as basis of social control
Role of money in transforming social relations. Work and alienation.
Introduction to trade unions. Trade union theories. Trade unions and globalisation.
Changes in governance under democracy. Impact of globalisation on national and local governance. Democracy, participation and bureaucracy.
GL 2 Labour Markets in Developing Countries
Concept and characteristics – labour market vs. product market – formal and informal economies.
Derived demand – Marginal productivity –elasticity of labour demand - size and nature of investment – Role of technology.
Supply of labour – micro and macro factors – family, population (gender, size and composition), migration, State policies.
Rigidities and flexibilities – segmented labour market.
Employment – unemployment and its types- self employment - employment policies and schemes – concept of human capital – training and skill development.
Employer-employee relations – problems and their resolution. Collective bargaining.
Labour market as a social institution – insider-outsider theory.
Recent developments and challenges –outsourcing and relocation - globalisation, economic reforms, inclusive development, social security - labour as society.
GL 3 International Labour Standards, Decent Work and Social Dialogue
International Labour Organization and standard setting, the purpose and the contents of standards in a trade union perspective. How the standards are used; the benefits of International Labour Standards (ILS) and the need for social justice; Subjects and contents of Standards; Recommendation and conventions – ILS’s response to a growing number of needs and challenges faced by workers and employers in the global economy; International Best Practices for the ratification / application of ILSs; Application of Standards – general features and systems, supervision and technical assistance through training, and applying conventions when countries have not ratified them. Trade policy and development strategies as they relate to worker interests; labour standards in Indian trade law; protections for women, child, and migrant workers.
Decent Work: Investment, employment and decent work – socially responsible investment and ILO. Devising social and economic systems which ensure basic security and employment while remaining capable of adaptation to rapidly changing circumstances in a highly competitive global market. Protection against vulnerability and contingency in work. Four strategic objectives as the way to decent work. Constitutional provisions and policies and its implication on decent work. Trade theory, development theory, human rights, international, humanitarian, and worker rights, and other fields; Corporate codes of conduct.
Social Dialogue: Social dialogue – concepts, subject matters, indicators and forms. Participation and Tripartism in ILO’s mandate, ILO standards concerning social dialogue. International best practices in social dialogue and tripartism. Social dialogue, labour law and labour administration. Social dialogue and gender equalities
Workers’ Rights and the State in the Global Economy as realized by the Domestic Labour Laws: Employers, employees’ rights, penalties, and legal and illegal economic pressure from employer and employee sides, and from the context of employee rights – wrongful dismissal, illegal termination and retrenchment, lay-off, retrenchment and closure compensation. Domestic employment and employment relations laws [Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970, Industrial Employment (Standing Order) Act]
GL 5 Country Studies on Globalisation and Labour
History of globalisation. Theoretical discussion on globalisation . Globalisation and its discontents. Case Studies of South Asian Countries. Asian Tigers: Monetary crises and later developments. Latin America: Crises in Mexico and Argentina. Latin America: Political Change in Brazil and Paraguay. Case study of Cuba. Another World is Possible: Role of World Social Forum and international movements.
GL 6 Multi-National Corporations and the State
Origins of MNCs. Economic effects of MNCs in developing and developed countries. Regulatory methods adopted by different governments towards MNCs. Role of ILO and other international agencies in regulating MNCs. MNCs in retailing: their positive and negative impact on the economy. Wal-Mart – A Case Study. MNCs and the State: An unequal equal balance?
GL 7 Industrial Relations and Trade Unions Strategies in a Global Economy
Conceptual and theoretical framework of industrial relations . Comparative Methodology including comparative labour movement . System of Industrial Relations in UK, USA, Germany, Japan, China and South Africa.System of Industrial Relations in India. Workplace Behaviour and Consequences of globalisation and change.Theoretical framework of trade unionism .Alternative theories of labour movement. Contemporary and Comparative trade unionism. Trade Unionism in India – Functions and Structure. Trade Unions and Labour policies – ILO. International Unionism. Approaches of trade unions to globalisation. Trade Unions and its interface with technology, market and distribution of power. Development of trade unions in non-conventional sectors like IT, BPO, Call Centres etc.
GL 8 Globalisation and Informal Employment
Theoretical approach to the informal economy. Growth of informal employment in developing and developed countries (case studies of selected countries). Informal employment in the formal sector. Liberalisation, globalisation and women workers. Study of garment industry in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Thailand. Textiles in India and Pakistan. Home-based work in Asian countries. Self-Employment and micro-enterprises: Street vendors, waste pickers, micro-enterprises. Outsourcing of manufacturing and services to Asian countries. Decent work and informal employment. Free Trade Zones, Special Economic Zones etc. as areas for increasing informal employment.
GL 9 Organising Informal Labour
Case studies on efforts to organise informal sector workers in Asian countries. National and international associations of informal sector workers – street vendors, home-based workers and waste pickers. Empowering women through micro-credit and the limitations. Role of co-operatives and membership-based organisations in organising informal workers. Organising migrant and tribal labour. Role of international labour movement and civil society organisations.
GL 10 Social Security and the State
Concept of wellness and security: human development perspective. Statutory social security measures for workers: roles of employers and the state. Social protection and health provisions for workers. Post-retirement provisions. Schemes for informal sector workers. Schemes for self-employed. Measures of raising resources for funding social security for formal sector and informal sector workers. Role of the State and private sources. Making the State responsible: Social security as a human right .
GL 11 Research Methodology
Qualitative Research: Introduction to Qualitative Research . Objectivity and Subjectivity in Social Research. Theory and Method. Macro and Micro Research.
Doing Research: Technique, Method and Practice: Research Techniques- Oral History, Life History, Participant and Non Participant Observation, and Focused Group Discussion. Presentation and Interpretation of Research- Content Analysis
Quantitative Research: (The purpose of this section is not to make students solve problems using statistical methods. Instead the stress will be on the meanings and use of statistical methods.) Meaning, scope, relevance and limitations of statistical tools; measures of Central tendency, Dispersion. Probability and Probability distribution; Sampling. Survey, Questionnaire and interview schedule. Pearson’s Correlation, Partial Correlation, Spearman’s rank correlation; Regression.
Writing research proposals and reports: Making sense of statistical data from secondary sources: Analysis of census data, sample surveys etc. Reading of Balance Sheets, Company Reports.
GL 12 Leadership Development
History of leadership theories, Leader vs. Manager, transformational vs. transactional leaders, leader competencies. How should leaders be evaluated and how are leaders chosen? Big 5 factors of selection of leaders and criticism. Leadership and supervision: Managerial grid, Situational leadership, Fieldler’s framework, Contingency factors and followers attitudes and behavior, criticism of the contingency approach, Vroom’s normative model and path-goal theory. Different perspectives: Essentials of leadership, Lincoln, Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, Gandhi and their leadership principles, women and leadership, Follower ship. Power and Leadership: detailed discussion of work of David McClelland, detailed discussion of McClelland and Burham study, 5 sources of power, detailed discussion on Kipnis’s work, powerlessness and its impact. Character and Personality: new character based leadership literature: Stephen Covey’s Seven habits of highly effective people, Principle centered leadership, First things First., Leading change: the arguments of values-based leadership. Leadership: the inner side of greatness. Cognitive approach to leadership. Successful leaders in India: Discussions of business leaders, political leaders, community leaders and trade union leaders based on leadership theories learnt in the class. Leadership Development, Leadership Development strategies in Organizations: Relevant Case Studies
GL 13 World Trade Organisation, World Bank and International Monetary Fund
Breton Woods Conference and the origins of GATT, WB and IMF. Fundamentals of WTO: Uruguay Round; Structure and Functions of WTO; Cooperation of WTO with other international organizations and relations with civil society. World Bank and its role in Developing Countries. IMF and its influence on internal policies. IMF, WB and Structural Adjust. Basic principles of the WTO system and Important Agreements. WTO and South Asia. WTO and Labour Issues. The Havana Charter; the ‘social clause’. Linkage between Core Labour Standards and Trade Disciplines in the WTO. Implementation of social clause and key problems. World Bank and Labour: Changes in approach since 1995. World Bank and Urban Development. IMF and the ‘Debt Trap’
People’s movements against IMF, WB and WTO- An assessment.